prof. Dr. Bülent TIRAŞ gave information about when birth control pills started to be used in defense.
When Does the Birth Control Pill Begin Storage?
Birth control pills are pills that contain hormones and are used to prevent pregnancy or to treat certain diseases. Birth control pills are one of the birth control systems that provide high defense against pregnancy when used systematically.
Since there are different types of birth control pills, it is necessary to take a look at the differences in the middle of the pills in order to understand when the pills will start to defend.
Types of Birth Control Pills
Birth control pills are one of the most commonly used procedures in the middle of birth control formulas. Since birth control pills provide different forms of protection compared to the hormones they contain, it is valuable to consult your physician to find the right one for you.
It can be said that birth control pills are basically two types:
Combined birth control pills: These pills contain estrogen and progesterone hormones. You can choose the combination pills that you can find under different brands in the market, together with your doctor, according to how often you want to menstruate and the hormones they contain.
Mini-pills: Small-pills are progesterone-only pills. The entire pack of these pills contains the same amount of progesterone, and unlike the combination pills, there are no inactive or placebo pills.
Combined birth control pills contain both inactive and active pills. The number of inactive and active pills in the package you use will vary depending on how often you menstruate. There are generally 21 active and 7 inactive or 24 active and 4 inactive pills in the combined birth control pill packages available in our country. Menstrual bleeding will occur during the period when inactive pills are taken each month.
Combined birth control pills are divided into two subsets according to whether the doses found in active pills are the same or different:
monophasic: In monophasic pills, each active pill contains the same amount of estrogen and progesterone.
multiphasic: In mutliphasic pills, each active pill contains different amounts of hormones.
How Do Birth Control Pills Protect?
For pregnancy to occur, one of the ovaries must release an egg and then the egg must be fertilized by the sperm. Pregnancy begins when the fertilized egg attaches to the uterus. The hormones in the woman’s body carry out ovulation and prepare the body for the fertilized egg to attach.
Birth control pills rough up pregnancy in various ways by giving the body synthetic estrogen and progesterone hormones. These pills generally work by preventing ovulation. However, there are also pills that work by changing the structure of cervical mucus, making it difficult for sperm to reach the cervix and egg. These pills can also protect against pregnancy by changing the intrauterine layer and making it difficult for the fertilized egg to attach.
When Does the Protection of the Birth Control Pill Start?
When the birth control pill will start to defend will differ depending on the type of pill you use. You can start using the birth control pill at any time of your menstrual cycle. However, when the protection against pregnancy will start will differ depending on the type of pill you use.
Combined birth control pills
Combined birth control pills contain estrogen and progesterone and act by inhibiting ovulation. If you are using combination pills, if you take the first dose within 5 days of starting your period, you start to see the effect quickly. However, if you start using the pills during a different period of your menstrual cycle, you may have to wait about 7 days for it to take effect.
After having a baby, more than one woman usually starts using the contraceptive pill on the 21st day after giving birth. When the pills are used in this way, they start to take effect quickly.
The birth control pill will show its effectiveness quickly if it is started to be taken within 5 days of pregnancy loss or termination of pregnancy. If you do not start using the contraceptive pill within this period, you may need to wait 7 days for the pill to start working. However, it would be best to consult your doctor, as the stage at which the pregnancy ends may cause differences in the effectiveness of the pill.
If you use progesterone-only small pills, you may find that they work quickly when you start taking these pills in the middle of days 1 to 5 of your menstrual cycle. So to start protecting against pregnancy, you should start taking the pills within five days of starting your period.
However, if your cycles are short or you start taking the pills after the first 5 days of your cycle, you may need to wait 2 days for the pills to work.
If the birth control pill is to be used to protect against pregnancy after having a baby, protection can be provided by taking the small pill 21 days after the birth.
If the mini-pills are to be used after pregnancy loss or termination of pregnancy, they will start to hold quickly within the first 5 days. Otherwise, it will take 2 days for the pills to start defending.
When Do Birth Control Procedures Begin Conservation?
If you are wondering when the protection systems other than the birth control pill will start to protect, you can briefly read the protection periods of these ways below:
The subcutaneous stick, which you will insert within the first 5 days after your period starts, provides instant defense against pregnancy. If placed in other periods of the menstrual cycle, it may be necessary to wait a week for it to take effect.
birth control needle
If you get the birth control injection within a week after the start of menstruation, you will immediately be protected against pregnancy. In cases such as miscarriage or abortion, if the injection is made within the first seven days, it starts to take effect immediately. It may take up to a week for the injection to be made at other times to start storage.
Copper spirals begin to protect against pregnancy immediately. Hormone spirals, on the other hand, will take effect quickly if they are inserted within the first 7 days after the start of menstruation. If it is worn at other times, it may take up to a week for the protection to start.
birth control tape
The contraceptive patch, which is used within the first 5 days after the start of menstruation, will provide immediate protection against pregnancy. If the band is to be worn at another time in the menstrual cycle, it may take up to a week for the band to start protecting.
birth control ring
The ring placed within 5 days after the start of menstruation will provide immediate defense. At other times, it may take up to a week for protection to begin.
Condom, diaphragm and spermicide
Condoms, when used correctly, provide immediate protection against pregnancy and sexually transmitted diseases. The diaphragm also immediately protects against pregnancy. Since spermicide may not take effect quickly, it should be applied 10-15 minutes before the connection. Some spermicides may need to be used an hour beforehand.
Tubal ligation and vasectomy
Protection against pregnancy begins soon after the tubes are tied. It may take up to 12 weeks for the vasectomy to be effective. For this reason, you should continue to use barrier procedures, such as condoms, until your physician confirms that there is no sperm in the ejaculate.